Water, Forests, Meadows, Pastures

Water

altDozens of small rivers, streams and brooks create a splendid mosaic on the 36 hectares of the village area. They spring from the foothills of the Beskydy and run into the valley as rivers the Lubina and the Lomná. The biggest stream is the Bystrý, other noted streams are the Lánský Brook, the Radhošť Brook, the Rokytný, The Velký Škaredý and the Malý Škaredý. There are also several water surfaces and a number of smaller and larger pools. Some of the large water surfaces are to be found on the Lubina River and on the Lánský Brook. Along the village border in the direction from Malý Javorník towards Pindula Gap – Velká Polana – Radhošť – Pustevny and Tanečnice runs the borderline of the Black Sea and Baltic Sea drainage area.

Forests

altForest in Trojanovice covers the area of 2,440 hectares. Their current appearance differs greatly from original virgin forests. The territory is chiefly grown by spruce. Beech trees cover the steep slopes of the Radhošť Uplands; other leafy trees include common maple, ash, hornbeam, lime-tree and oak. Conifers are represented by fir, larch and pine. Growths of ash, alder and willow have been preserved along the water streams and on the spring areas. Forests in the Nature Reserve Noříčí and the National Nature Reserve Radhošť are exceptions.

Pastures, Meadows and Wetlands

altOriginally wooded area began to change in the 15th to 17th centuries in connection with the Wallachian colonization and development of sheep breeding – it meant the spread of mountain farming from valleys up to the mountain peaks. There were several sheep pens in Trojanovice. The end of the 18th century brought about the end of sheep breeding and the beginning of industries – and that meant reforestation of meadows and pastures. Varied flora of the meadows and pastures was developing for long centuries, when people cleared the forest and started to farm – cut grass and tend sheep and cattle. Unfortunately, a lot of land was gradually drained; bosks were ploughed up and frequently overfertilized and allochthonous species of grass were sown. In spite of all these changes there are still multicoloured meadows full of white moon-daisies, bluebells, pink cuckoo flowers and yellow hawk’s beards in Trojanovice. As to the botanical features, the zone of the former Russian field range is particularly interesting – experts are carrying out biological research and steps have been taken to proclaim the area a Nature Reserve. Spring season brings out brilliant carpets of ramsons, wood-anemones, snowdrops, spring snowflakes and cowslips in the leafy and mixed woods. There are several rare species worth mentioning as well: martagon lily, bog-bean, gladiolus imbricatus, lousewort and even monk’s hood, which is a protected species in Europe. Mountain meadows pride themselves on gentian, maiden pink and golden cinquefoil. There are plenty of blueberries and cranberries to pick. Orchids are another special plant group – elderly people call them “cuckoos”. The Trojanovice territory is also the home altof Common Spotted Orchid, dead man’s thumb, twayblade and marsh helleborine. Fenlands play an important role in the countryside. They are able to absorb an incredible amount of water and in this way they contribute to retaining water in the area and preserving a great number of rare plants. However, many such localities have disappeared in Trojanovice and with them have vanished carnivorous common sundew and calcareous grass
of Parnassus.